This paper undertakes the problem of optimal
capacitor placement in a distribution system. The problem is how to
optimally determine the locations to install capacitors, the types and
sizes of capacitors to he installed and, during each load level,the
control settings of these capacitors in order that a desired objective
function is minimized while the load constraints,network constraints
and operational constraints (e.g. voltage profile) at different load
levels are satisfied. The problem is formulated as a combinatorial
optimization problem with a nondifferentiable objective function.
Four solution mythologies based on algorithms (GA),tabu search
(TS), and hybrid GA-SA algorithms are presented.The solution
methodologies are preceded by a sensitivity analysis to select the
candidate capacitor installation locations.