An Analysis of Users- Cognition Difference on Urban Design Elements in Waterfronts
Abstract:The purpose of this study is to identify ideal urban
design elements of waterfronts and to analyze the differences in users-
cognition among these elements. This study follows three steps as
following: first is identifying the urban design elements of waterfronts
from literature review and second is evaluating intended users-
cognition of urban design elements in urban waterfronts. Lastly, third
is analyzing the users- cognition differences. As the result, evaluations
of waterfront areas by users show similar features that non-waterfront
urban design elements contain the highest degree of importance. This
indicates the difference of users- cognition has dimensions of
frequency and distance, and demonstrates differences in the aspect of
importance than of satisfaction. Multi-Dimensional Scaling Method
verifies differences among their cognition. This study provides
elements to increase satisfaction of users from differences of their
cognition on design elements for waterfronts. It also suggests
implications on elements when waterfronts are built.
 Adalberto Vallega, 2001, Urban waterfront facing integrated coastal
management, Ocean & Coastal Management 44 (2001) 379-410
 Alexander Garvin, Gayle Berens, 1998, Urban parks and opens space,
Urban land Institute.
 B.S. Hoyle(1998), Revitalising the waterfront: International Dimensions
of Dockland Redevelopment, Continuum intl Pub Group.
 Bonita. M. Kolb, 2004, Tourism Marketing for Cities and Towns -Using
Branding And Events to Attract Tourists
 Chan, Ping-Cheung Patrick, Relevant attributes in assessment for design
features of indoor games halls: The application of
importance-performance analysis Indiana University, 2001
 CABE(Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment), 2001,
The value of urban design.
 Isabel Cortes-Jimenez, 2008, Which Type of Tourism Matters to the
Regional Economic Growth? The Cases of Spain and Italy, International
Journal of Tourism Research Int. J. Tourism Res. 10, 127-139.
 Jose A et al, 2005, Distrivuted weighted-multidimensional scailling for
node localization in Sensor networks, ACM Journal Name, Vol. V, No. N,
June 2005, Pages 1- 26.
 Kim, 2009, An Analysis of Waterfront Urban Design Criteria for Urban
 Lee, 2010 The study on the Characteristics of Design for Waterfront in
the Downtown Area : Focused on the BAN-PO District in the HAN River.
 Lim, 2009, Analysis of the image of landscape and the preference factor
at the waterfront of the city : a case study of the Han River Ichon
 Twan Huybers and Jeef Bennett, Environmental Management and the
Competitiveness of Nature-Based Tourism, Environmental and Resource
Economics 24:213-233, 2003