Characterization of Lactose Consumption during the Biogas Production from Acid Whey by FT-IR Spectroscopy
Abstract:The consumption of lactose in acid cheese whey
anaerobic fermentation process under fed-batch conditions was
studied. During fermentation for 100 hours the biogas production
(CO2 and CH4) was analyzed online. Among the standard analyses
FT-IR spectroscopy was used to follow the consumption of lactose by
bacteria. The absorption bands at 990, 894 and 787 cm-1 in the 2nd
derivative spectra were shown to be characteristic for lactose and
were used to follow the lactose conversion. It was shown that acid
cheese whey lactose was converted by bacteria in first 7 hours. In the
spectra of 17, 18 and 95 hour fermentation samples lactose was not
identified and these results correlated with the HPLC data.
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