International Science Index


10011876

Influence of Sports Participation on Academic Performance among Afe Babalola University Student-Athletes

Abstract:

The web created by sport in academics has made it difficult for it to be separated from adolescent educational development. The enthusiasm expressed towards sport by students in higher institutions is quite enormous. Primarily, academic performance should be the pride of all students but whether sports affect the academic performance of student-athletes remain an unknown fact. This study investigated the influence of sports participation on academic performance among Afe Babalola University student-athletes. Ex post facto research design was used. Two groups of students were used for the study; Student-athlete (SA) and Regular Students (RS). Purposive sampling technique was used to select 224 student-athletes, only those that are regular in the university sports team training were considered and their records (i.e. name, department, level, matriculation number, and phone number) were collected through the assistance of their coaches. For the regular students, purposive sampling technique was used to select 224 participants, only those that have no interest in sports were considered and their records were retrieved from the college registration officer. The first and second semester examination results of the two groups were compared in 10 general study courses without their knowledge, using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, mean, and standard deviation. Out of the 10 compared courses, 7 courses result showed no significant difference between students-athlete and regular students while student-athletes perform better in 3 practically oriented courses. Sports role in academics is quite significant. Exposure to sports can help build the confidence that athletes need especially when it comes to practical courses. Student-athletes can perform better in academics if the environment is friendly and not intimidating. Lecturers and coaches need to work together in order to build a well cultured and intelligent graduate.

References:
[1] Clark, M. Student athletes with learning disabilities: a model for effective supports. College Student Journal 2002. 1-14.
[2] Coleman, J. The adolescent society: James Coleman’s still prescient insights. Education Next, Winter 2006. 1-5.
[3] Sailis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Prochaska, J.J., McKenzie, T.L. & Brown, M. The association of school environments with youth physical activity. American Journal of Public Health 2004. 4, 618-622.
[4] Sollerhed, A.C., Ejlertsson, G. &Apitzsch, E. Predictors of strong sense of coherence and positive attitudes on physical education in adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2005. 33, 331-342.
[5] Parish, T.S., & Williams, D. Some tips regarding how to motivate athletes. International Journal of Reality Therapy 2007. 26, 39-42.
[6] Trudeau, F., &Shepherd, R. J. Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity 2008. 5, 1–12.
[7] Ward, J., Russell E. Athletic Expenditures and the Academic Mission of American Schools: A Group-Level Analysis. Sociology of Sport Journal 2008. 25, 560–57
[8] Fredrick, J. Extracurricular Participation and Academic Outcomes: Testing the Over Scheduling Hypothesis. Journal of Youth & Adolescence 2012. 41 295–306.
[9] Knifsend, C., & Graham, S. Too Much of a Good Thing? How Breadth of Extracurricular Participation Relates to School-Related Affect and Academic Outcomes During Adolescence. Journal of Youth & Adolescence 2012. 41, 379–389.
[10] Lumpkin, A., & Favor, J. Comparing the Academic Performance of High School Athletes and Non-Athletes in Kansas in 2008-2009. Journal of Sport Administration & Supervision 2012. 4, 41–62.
[11] Chen, S., Mason, N., Middleton, S., & Salazar, W. An Examination of Behavioral Data and Testing Scores as Indicators of Student-Athletes’ Academic Success. Kentucky Newsletter for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 2013. 51(1), 1–10.
[12] Schultz, K. Do High School Athletes Get Better Grades During the Off-Season? Journal of Sports Economics 2017. 18(2), 182–208.
[13] Dyer, A. M., Kristjansson, A. L., Mann, M. J., Smith, M. L., &Allegrante, J. P. (2017). Sport Participation and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Study. American Journal of Health Behavior 2017. 41(2), 179–185.
[14] National high school activities week. The case for high school activities. National High School Activities 2004. 1-13.
[15] Ryska, T.A. Sport involvement and perceived scholastic competence in student athletes: a multivariate analysis. International Sports Journal Winter 2003. 155-173.
[16] Bradley, J. L., & Conway, P. F. A dual step transfer model: Sport and non-sport extracurricular activities and the enhancement of academic achievement. British Educational Research Journal 2016. 42(4), 703–728.