International Science Index


10011869

Hydraulic Optimization of an Adjustable Spiral-Shaped Evaporator

Abstract:

To ensure reliability in miniaturized devices or processes with increased heat fluxes, very efficient cooling methods have to be employed in order to cope with small available cooling surfaces. To address this problem, a certain type of evaporator/heat exchanger was developed: It is called a swirl evaporator due to its flow characteristic. The swirl evaporator consists of a concentrically eroded screw geometry in which a capillary tube is guided, which is inserted into a pocket hole in components with high heat load. The liquid refrigerant R32 is sprayed through the capillary tube to the end face of the blind hole and is sucked off against the injection direction in the screw geometry. Its inner diameter is between one and three millimeters. The refrigerant is sprayed into the pocket hole via a small tube aligned in the center of the bore hole and is sucked off on the front side of the hole against the direction of injection. The refrigerant is sucked off in a helical geometry (twisted flow) so that it is accelerated against the hot wall (centrifugal acceleration). This results in an increase in the critical heat flux of up to 40%. In this way, more heat can be dissipated on the same surface/available installation space. This enables a wide range of technical applications. To optimize the design for the needs in various fields of industry, like the internal tool cooling when machining nickel base alloys like Inconel 718, a correlation-based model of the swirl-evaporator was developed. The model is separated into 3 subgroups with overall 5 regimes. The pressure drop and heat transfer are calculated separately. An approach to determine the locality of phase change in the capillary and the swirl was implemented. A test stand has been developed to verify the simulation.

References:
[1] W. W. Akers, H. A. Deans und O. K. Crosser, Condensing heat transfer within horizontal tubes, 1958
[2] VDI-GVC und VDI e.V., Hrsg., VDI-Wärmeatlas, Heidelberg, 2006.
[3] Mueller, N. und Puerta, G.: Pressure drop sudden enlargement of a pipe, SE5M0003, CSE Institute, Pfinztal, with Chisholm correlations.
[4] G.-d. Xia, „An investigation of two-phase flow pressure drop in helical rectangular channel,“ ElsevIer, 2014.
[5] L. Chen, „Steam-water two-phase flow frictional pressure drop in straight tubes,“ 1982.
[6] B. A. Lindeman, J. M. Anderson und T. A. Shedd, „Predictive model for heat transfer performance of oblique and normally,“ Elsevier, Wisconsin Madison, USA, 2013.
[7] R. J. Goldstein und M. E. Franchett, „Heat transfer from a flat surface to an oblique impinging jet,“ 1988.
[8] V. V. Yagov, Heat transfer and crisis in swirl flow boiling, Moskau: Elsevier, 2005.
[9] R. F. Lopina und A. E. Bergles, Heat transfer and pressure drop in tape generated swirl flow, 1969.
[10] M. Feiner, M. Kipfmüller, M. Arnemann, Development of an Adjustable Spiral-shaped Evaporator17th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, 2018
[11] Poiseuille, J. L. M. 1846. Recherches experimentales sur Ie mouvement des liquides dans les tubes de tres-petits diametres, Academie Royale des Sciences de l'Institut de France, IX:
[12] Gnielinski, V.: Ein neues Berechnungsverfahren für die Wärmeübertragung im Übergangsbereich zwischen laminarer und turbulenter Rohrströmung,
[13] Gnielinski, V.: Neue Gleichungen für den Wärme- und den Stoffübergang in turbulent durchströmten Rohren und Kanälen, Forschung im Ingenieurwesen (Engineering Research), 41 (1975) 8-16.
[14] Knipping, T. (2018): Kühlen kleiner Kavitäten mit verdampfenden Fluiden. DKV-Forschungsbericht, No. 88