International Science Index


10010850

A Study to Assess the Employment Ambitions of Graduating Students from College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abstract:

Introduction: Students make plans for their career and are keen in exploring options of employment in those carriers. They make their employment choice based on their desires and preferences. This study aims to identify if students of King Saud Bin Abdulaziz for Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences after obtaining appropriate education prefer to work as clinicians, university faculty, or full-time researchers. There are limited studies in Saudi Arabia exploring the university student’s employment choices and preferences. This study would help employers to build the required job positions and prevent misleading employers from opening undesired positions in the job market. Methodology: The study included 394 students from third and fourth years both male and female among the eighth programs of college of applied medical sciences, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Riyadh campus. A prospective quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted; data were collected by distributing a seven item questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS. Results: Among the participants, 358 (90.9%) of them chose one of the three listed career choices, 263 (66.8%) decided to work as hospital staff after their education, 75 students (19.0%) chose to work as a faculty member in a university after obtaining appropriate degree, 20 students (5.1%) preferred to work as full-time researcher after obtaining appropriate degree, the remaining 36 students (9.1%) had different career goals, such as obtaining a master degree after graduating, to obtain a bachelor of medicine and bachelor in surgery degree, and working in the private sector. The most recurrent reason behind the participants' choice was "career goal", where 276 (70.1%) chose it as a reason. Conclusion: The findings of the study showed that most student’s preferred to work in hospitals as clinicians, followed by choice of working as a faculty in a university, the least choice was to be working as full-time researchers.

References:
[1] A Zulkifli, J Rogayah, “Career preferences of male and female medical students in Malaysia”, Medical Journal of Malaysia. 1997 Mar; 52:76-81.
[2] B. Wright, I. Scott, W. Woloschuk, and F. Brenneis “Career choice of new medical students at three Canadian universities: family medicine versus specialty medicine”, Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2004; 170(13):1920-1924.
[3] B. Gibis, A. Heinz, R. Jacob, and C.H. Müller, The career expectations of medical students: findings of a nationwide survey in Germany. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. 2012 May; 109(18):327.
[4] J.H. Lefevre, M. Roupret, S .Kerneis, L.M Karila. “Career choices of medical students: a national survey of 1780 students”. Medical education. 2010 Jun 1; 44(6):603-12.
[5] K .Kiolbassa, A. Miksch, and K .Hermann, “Becoming a general practitioner-Which factors have most impact on career choice of medical students”, BMC family practice. 2011 Dec; 12(1):25.
[6] E.R. Dorsey, D. Jarjoura, and G.W. Rutecki, “Influence of controllable lifestyle on recent trends in specialty choice by US medical students”. Jama. 2003 Sep 3; 290(9):1173-8.
[7] P.C. Rockers, W. Jaskiewicz, and L . Wurts, “Preferences for working in rural clinics among trainee health professionals in Uganda: a discrete choice experiment,” BMC health services research. 2012 Dec; 12(1):212.
[8] P.R. Shankar, T.P. Thapa, “Student perception about working in rural Nepal after graduation: a study among first-and second-year medical students,” Human resources for health. 2012 Dec; 10(1):27.
[9] J .Gunawan, Y .Aungsuroch, A Sukarna and N .Wahab, “Nursing students plan after graduation: A qualitative study,” Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2018 Jan 1; 7(1):1.
[10] J.M.V. Wyk, S.S. Naidoo, and T.M. Esterhuizen, “Will graduating medical students prefer to practice in rural communities,” South African Family Practice. 2010 Mar 1; 52(2):149-53.
[11] A. Ashour, A. Ashour, M. Asiri, M Alghamdi, A. Jamjoom, and A. Alghamdi, “Career choices of final year medical students and interns at King Abdulaziz University: Where does orthopedics stand, “Journal of Health Specialties. 2018; 6(1):7.
[12] F. K. Homoud, L. Ghalawin, G. Gofari, W. Djani, Ameer A, and F homoud, “Career Choices and Preferences of Saudi Pharmacy Undergraduates: A Cross Sectional Study,” Saudi Pharm J. 2019 May; 27(4):467-474.
[13] M. Chowdhary M, JM. Switchenko, N. Sen, AM. Chhabra, and LM Katz, The Impact of Graduates' Job Preferences on the Current Radiation Oncology Job Market. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2019 May 1; 104(1):27-32.