International Science Index


10001419

Speech Impact Realization via Manipulative Argumentation Techniques in Modern American Political Discourse

Abstract:The present paper presents the discussion of scholars concerning speech impact, peculiarities of its realization, speech strategies and techniques in particular. Departing from the viewpoints of many prominent linguists, the paper suggests that manipulative argumentation be viewed as a most pervasive speech strategy with a certain set of techniques which are to be found in modern American political discourse. The precedence of their occurrence allows us to regard them as pragmatic patterns of speech impact realization in effective public speaking.
References:
[1] N. Mikhalkin, “Logics and Argumentation in Judicial Practice”, St. Petersburg: “Peters” Press, 2004, p. 228.
[2] T. van Dijk, “Language. Cognition. Communication”, Translated from English by Editor-in-Chief N. Gerasimov, Moscow: “Progress”, 1989.- p.310.
[3] S. Gorin, “Have You Tried Hypnosis?”, Moscow, 1994, p. 3.
[4] V. Chernyavskaya, Discourse of Power and Power of Discourse. Issues of Speech Impact, Moscow: “Flinta” and “Nauka”, 2006, p.46.
[5] E. Sheigal, The Semiotics of Political Discourse, Volgograd: “Peremena”, 2000, p.368.
[6] M. Bityanova, Social Psychology: Science, Practice and Ways of Thinking, Moscow: “EKSMO Press”, 2001, p. 576.
[7] plato.stanford.edu/entries/sophists
[8] E. Shelestyuk, Means, Types, Devices and Instruments of Verbal Impact//Classical linguistic formations in modern multicultural dimension. Pyatigorsk: PSU Press, 2006, pp.153-164.
[9] P. Chilton, “Analysing Political Discourse. Theory and Practice”, Cornwall: International Limited, 2004, p.226.
[10] I. Alefirenko, Towards the Problem of Discourse-Text Cultural Universe.// Linguo-rhetoric, pragma-theoretic and applied aspects, Sochi, 2002, pp.10, 5-12.
[11] V. Krasnikh, Virtual Reality or Real Virtuality? // Man. Mind. Communication, Moscow: Moscow University Press, 1998, p.52.
[12] I. Borisova, Russian Conversational Dialogue: Structure and Dynamics, Ekaterinburg: Ural University Press, 2001, p.214.
[13] N. Fairclough, Language and Power, Second edition, Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited, 2001, pp.149-226.
[14] D. Carnegie, How to Win Friends and Influence People, Moscow: “Progress”, 1998, p. 75.
[15] B. Neer, Barack Obama for Beginners: An Essential Guide, Moscow: “Europe”, 2009, p.33.
[16] http://edition.enn.com
[17] P.H. Collin, Dictionary of Government and Politics, London: Peter Collin Publishing, 2001, p.303.